You can earn good profits by selling sheep’s wool, milk and meat.
Indigenous, exotic and hybrid species of good breeds should be selected
For sheep farming, 10 square feet is required for one animal.
New Delhi, Sheep farming is being done on a large scale in many rural areas of the country. Sheep rearing has been considered the main source of income for the people of rural areas. On the other hand, you can earn good profit by selling sheep’s wool, milk and meat. Apart from this, sheep dung is also considered a very good fertilizer. Its use increases the productivity of the fields. Sheep graze in land unfit for agriculture and use many weeds etc. unnecessary grasses and also use the high altitude pastures which are unfit for other animals. Sheep keepers get lambs from sheep every year. Scientists have also made many new discoveries in the field of sheep farming, as a result of which today’s youth can be benefited financially by adopting this business.
Indigenous, foreign and hybrid species of good breeds in sheep farming should be selected according to their purpose. At present, Malpura, Jaisalmeri, Mandia, Marwari, Nali Shababad, Jalauni, Marino, Koridayal, Dari wool are mainly used for meat in the country, mainly of Malpura, Jaisalmeri, Marwari, Shahababad and Chhota Nagpuri species of sheep.
Do housing management like this
Less space is required for sheep farming. In sheep farming, all the sheep can be kept together, because these creatures do not have the tendency to fight with each other. But the male sheep are kept separate from the female sheep. Many cattle rearers rear sheep in a semi-open enclosure. It also has open space with shed. It is necessary to have 8 to 10 square feet space for each animal in the enclosure. Sheep should be grazed between 7 to 10 in the morning and 3 to 6 in the evening and given rest in the afternoon. Pregnant sheep should be given 250 to 300 grams of grain per sheep in the morning or evening.
Get breeding done in this season
According to the season, their reproduction (Reproduction of Sheep) should be done. The age of 12 to 18 months is considered appropriate for sheep breeding. Sheep give birth twice in a year. Sheep have a period of 12-48 hours. During this period itself, on an average, sail should be delivered within 20 to 30 hours. Rati Chakra is usually of 12 to 24 days. Breeding should not be done in extreme heat and rainy season. This increases the death rate. Lamb should be fed Fensa immediately after birth. It provides nutrition and disease prevention power.
wool and milk will get good money
Wool should be cut off from their body before summer and monsoon. Sheep’s hair is very soft, soft and fluffy, it is very warm, so winter clothes are made from it. Having wool on the body has a bad effect of heat and rain. Wool should be harvested before it goes to winter. Less than 1 kg of wool is produced per sheep in a year. Along with this, sheep’s milk is also sold in the market at very good prices. Generally, there is a huge demand for sheep’s milk in foreign countries. This is the reason why sheep farming business is very popular these days.
To make this business more profitable, it is necessary to have some important information related to breeding. Breeding in sheep usually lasts for seven to eight years. Sheep generally become full adults at the age of nine months, but to get healthy lambs, it is necessary to impregnate them only after they are one year old. The average gestation period is 147 days. Ewe comes into heat after 17 days for 30 hours. There are good chances of pregnancy if contact is made with rams during the last time of summer. More attention should be paid to the nutrition of sheep during pregnancy and after that till the time the lambs are milked. A female sheep should be given balanced and nutritious diet more than other sheep during pregnancy and for some time after that. The ratio of male to female in sheep should not exceed 1:40. Pay special attention to their diet two months before leaving them for breeding. During this period, increase the quantity of balanced diet and grain also. Don’t use male lambs for breeding before one and a half years and check their genitals from time to time. It is worth noting that adult rams should be left for breeding with young ewes. Rams should be left for breeding for a maximum of eight weeks and after a certain period they should be separated from the herd. After 8-12 weeks of birth, separate the lambs from the mother and then start giving them balanced diet. Cut the tail of crossbred and exotic breed lambs within one to three weeks of their birth. Unuseful and low level animals should be weeded out every year. Sheep should be trimmed in maximum 1.5 years. From the time of wool cutting or breeding till this age their physical development is complete. Sheep are sold in the market for Rs 3,500 to Rs 9,000.
hoof-and-mouth disease in sheep
This disease is also a viral contagious disease and spreads very quickly from one diseased animal to other animals. Animals suffering from this disease get blisters in their mouth, tongue, lips and skin between the hooves, sheep and goats get fever and saliva drips from their mouth, sheep and goats become lame. Due to blisters inside the mouth and tongue, sheep and goats are unable to eat grass and become weak. Sometimes pregnant sheep and goats also get aborted due to this disease. The mortality rate of children of sheep and goats is high. In this disease, first of all the animals suffering from the disease should be separated from other animals. Sick sheep and goats should be treated like Voroglycerin ointment in mouth ulcers, hooves should be cleaned with red medicine or blue thread solution or formalin solution and antibiotic injections should be given for four to five days according to the advice of the vet. Every sheep keeper should get vaccinated to prevent the disease during an interval of six months.
Sheep become sick due to this disease
This disease is caused by bacteria, in this disease abortion occurs in pregnant sheep during four or four and a half months, uterus of sick sheep also ripens. The jer of the sheep and goats that get aborted gets stuck. It does not fall on time, due to this disease, the testicles of rams and goats ripen and the knees also swell, due to which their fertility decreases. On getting the symptoms of this disease, the sheep farmer should destroy the whole herd and rear new animals. Dead lamb and jer should be buried in a deep pit. This disease also comes from sheep and goats to humans.
This disease is caused by bacteria. In this disease, the skin between the hooves of sheep and goats gets cooked and they become lame. Sheep get Te fever and this disease can spread from one animal to the whole herd. Do not bring sheep and goats suffering from this disease to your herd and do not take your herd for a week from the same path through which another herd with this disease has passed. Clean the hooves of sick sheep and goats, for which wash their hooves with a solution of blue thread and inject for four to five days as per the doctor’s advice.
Tags: Animal Farming, Animal Husbandry, Farming, milk
FIRST PUBLISHED : January 12, 2023, 17:23 IST