The situation is worrisome due to the increasing corona infection in the country. (File pic)
Coronavirus deadlier in Brazil: Mutant strain P.1 of the corona virus in Brazil was identified only in December. Apart from this, strains of viruses found in South Africa and Britain have also been found in Brazil.
Bhrumar Mukherjee, Chair of Biostatistics of the School of Public Health at the University of Michigan, says that both countries are a complicated puzzle and Sherlock Holmes will be needed to solve it. According to Bloomberg data, there were more than 4000 deaths a day in Brazil in the past week, while the number of deaths occurring in India is around 1 thousand per day. Last week it was even below this. In Asian countries, the death rate due to infection is 1.2 percent, while in Brazil it is 2.6. Health experts say that age is a major factor in the impact of infection in Brazil and India. If we look at the mean age of deaths in both countries, it is 26 years in India, while in Brazil it is 33.5.
Virus mutant strain
Experts point out many things about the death rate due to infection in India as compared to Brazil. Some people say that the experience of both the countries regarding the environment and diseases also matters. According to Bhramar Mukherjee, 87 percent of Brazil’s population lives in cities, but two-thirds of the population in India lives in rural areas. Where there is an open area and the surrounding area is also ventilated. It is a fact that the corona virus mutant strain P.1 in Brazil was identified only in December. Apart from this, strains of virus found in South Africa and Britain have also been found in Brazil. It has also been found in the study that these three strains are more contagious. Sunita Reddy, managing director of Apollo Hospital, says that we are more prepared than the first wave. We have made good use of beds and medical resources. Mutant strains are believed to be responsible for the second wave of corona in India, and this wave is very dangerous than the first. However, it is quite difficult to say, because the genome sequencing of the virus has not been more than 1 percent in any Asian country.
Second wave of corona
The mismanagement of the Bolsonaro government is also believed to be the reason behind the high death rate in Brazil. Jair Bolsonaro was opposed to the first lockdown. They continued to fight with the local governments and even publicly refused to wear masks. On the other hand, after the unlocked guidelines came out in India after September, people took great care in following the guidelines. People started returning to old life. Non-adherence to safety standards at elections, festivals increased the risk of spreading the infection.
Madhukar Pai, a professor at McGill University in Montreal, said that Brazil’s situation in terms of political leadership is frightening, while the pace of transition in India has become negligent. Pai says that it is too early to say that India’s condition will not be like Brazil. Targeted lockdown has been imposed in many areas of the country. Elections are being held in five states. There is a crowd of people in election rallies, so Hindu devotees are taking a dip on the banks of the Ganges.
He said that both countries need to increase the speed of vaccination rapidly. Also, measures to secure public health need to be strictly implemented. Every country will have to work hard to stop the epidemic.